This electronically delivered self-instructional program is designated for 2 hours of CE credit by Farran Media.
AGD Code: 070.
The fee to view this course is $36. There is an additional fee of $18 to take the exam and claim CE credits for this course.
The fee to view the entire series is $469. This cost includes all fees to take all exams and claim your CE credits.
Root canal treatment is a highly successful procedure. However, the treatment of teeth with immature roots and pulp necrosis presents significant difficulties for the dental clinician in regard to disinfection and filling of the wide root canal space and open apex. Traditional approaches involved apexification by long-term medication with calcium hydroxide to create a calcified barrier at the level of the open apex, or a short-term apexification with artificial materials as an apical stop, each providing for a predictable root filling after the procedure was completed. However, these traditional techniques often resulted in subsequent root fractures due to the thin root walls remaining even after successful apexification procedures.
Today, for the practicing clinician, the revascularization of immature necrotic teeth has become an alternative to apexification. Current techniques involve disinfecting irrigation, placement of calcium hydroxide or an antibiotic paste as a temporary medication, and the instigation of a blood clot within the root canal space to establish the revascularization process with continued root growth, closure of the apex, and thickening of the root walls. The lecture discusses advantages and disadvantages of traditional apexification versus current revascularization techniques and reviews the correct procedure step-by-step both on a biological and clinical basis.
Description of Speaker:
Dr. Setzer graduated from the Dental School of the Friedrich- Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, in 1995, where he also received his doctoral degree in 1998. He pursued his endodontic specialty training at the University of Pennsylvania after working for nine years in a multi-specialist private practice as associate and partner. Dr. Setzer graduated from the endodontic program of the University of Pennsylvania in 2006, receiving the Louis I Grossman Postdoctoral Student Award in Endodontics. He earned a Master of Science in Oral Biology and a DMD degree in 2008 and 2010, respectively. Dr. Setzer serves as the Clinic Director and Pre-Doctoral Program Director at the Department of Endodontics of the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Setzer lectures on several topics of endodontics throughout the United States, Europe, South America, and Asia. He has authored articles on endodontics in peer-review journals and serves as Associate Editor for Endodontics for Quintessence International and, amongst other journals, on the scientific advisory board of Journal of Endodontics, International Endodontic Journal and Journal of the American Dental Association.
Upon completion of this course, participants should be able to achieve the following:
- Understand the different requirements for treating immature vital versus necrotic teeth.
- Discuss the appropriate application of the clinical revascularization protocol.
- Compare the long-term outcome of traditional apexification versus current revascularization procedures.
- Understand the biological principles of revascularization.
- Make use of the current revascularization protocol for clinical practice.
The speakers disclose that they have a financial interest in the education of dentists in endodontics.
Farran Media is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association
to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not
approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards
of dentistry. Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to ADA CERP at
For any questions, please contact Howard Goldstein, DMD, Director of Continuing Education at
Farran Media is a nationally approved PACE Program Provider by the Academy of General Dentistry.
Approval does not imply acceptance by any regulatory authority or AGD endorsement. The current term of approval extends from 1/1/2019 to 12/31/2022.
Provider ID# 304396
This activity meets the educational criteria required for verifiable Continuing Professional Development under the General Dental Council Lifelong Learning scheme and represents 2 hours of verifiable CPD.
The CE provider (Farran Media) uses reasonable care in selecting and
providing content that is accurate. The CE provider, however, does not
independently verify the content or materials. The CE provider does not
represent that the instructional materials are error-free or that the content
or materials are comprehensive. Any opinions expressed in the materials are
those of the author of the materials and not the CE provider. Completing one or
more continuing education courses does not provide sufficient information to
qualify the participant as an expert in the field related to the course topic
or in any specific technique or procedure. The instructional materials are
intended to supplement, but are not a substitute for, the knowledge, expertise,
skill and judgment of a trained health care professional.
Continuing education credits issued for completion of online CE courses may not apply toward
license renewal in all licensing jurisdictions. It is the responsibility of each registrant
to verify the CE requirements of his/her licensing or regulatory agency.
State CE Requirements:
for CE requirements by state. Please note that this information is current as of the time of listing. This information is subject to change at any time from the state boards. For the most up-to-date information, please contact your state board directly.
There are no refunds for Online CE courses. Please contact technical support if you run into technical difficulty.
For any questions, please contact Howard Goldstein, DMD, Director of Continuing Education